The 2019 categories
As in previous editions, the discus will be classified in one of the 10 categories of the contest.
Turquoise strains red and blue
The "Turquoise Lined Discus" category includes turquoise red and turquoise blue varieties.These two varieties are the oldest selected by the man. The first blue turquoises were selected around 1970 by Mr Jack Wattley from wild discus. The red turquoises variety was obtained around 1975 by Dr. Eduard Schmidt-Focke by crossing a wild blue discus of Lago Manacapurû with wild brown discus.
The "Blue Plain Discus" category includes discus whose pattern is uniform: green, blue, orange, yellow with the exception of reds.
This category includes:
- « Cobalt » discus, whose selection started in the 1970's by Doctor Charles Wall,
- « Blue Diamond » discus, these discus lack vertical stress bars and are solid blue in color. There should be no striations on the face or fins. Red eyes are desirable. The Blue Diamond gene is recessive. Two blue diamonds bred together will produce all blue diamond fry. This pattern appeared in the 1990's,
- « Snow White » that appeared at the end of the 1990's
Red plain : yellow or red head
The "Red plain Discus" category includes red discus with yellow red and red discus with red head.This category includes varieties such as:
- Red Brown,
- Red Golden,
- San Merah (also called "Red Rose" or "Virgin Red"); this variety appeared in 1998. They come from "Red Curipera" Wild discus,
Thin pattern : small spots, lines
The "thin pattern: small spots, line" includes discus whose pattern (small spots, lines) is homogeneous throughout their body.This category includes varieties such as:
- Snakeskin, this variety appeared in Asia in the 1990's,
- Pigeon Snakeskin,
- White Spotted Snakeskin,
- Golden Snakeskin,
- Leopard Snakeskin, cross-breeding from Leopard discus and Snakeskin discus,
Wide pattern : irregular lines
The "Wide pattern" category includes discus with a pattern on their entire body.This category includes varietes such as:
- White Leopard,
- Pigeon Blood,
- Golden Leopard,
Punctuated : big spots exclusively
The " punctuated category includes discus such as "red spotted" discus.
Albinos and semi-albinos
The "albino" or "semi-albino" category includes discus with a lack of black pigment or melanin which is essential for body coloring. Albinos discus come from a mutation in a wild Alenquer discus at the beginning of the 2000's. As a result, Albino discus have a pale yellow body color, no vertical bars on their body and the retina of their eyes appears red in color.There are two eye forms in the Albino :
- the "Albino Eye" (also called Rabbit Eyes) that appears pink
- the "Lutino Eye" is darker with a maroon color
The "open" category is for discus that do not posses specific characteristics or features placing them in any of the other categories.This category includes:
- Solid White discus,
- White Leopard Snakesin,
- White Butterfly
Wild and brown discus
The " Wild" category includes wild discus coming from the Amazon river or F1 / F2 wild form discus.
Set of 5 identical young discus up to 10cm
In this category, breeders will compete with sets of 5 identical young discus up to 10cm.